Test anxiety is fairly common in students. There are several surveys to measure this. In practise, you likely want a short one so that you can combine it with another survey or experiment (such as the dot-probe task). For this, the TAI-5 developed by Taylor and Deane (2002) an excellent choice.

Scores and interpretation

There is also the TAI which has 20 items. On the TAI and the TAI-5, there is a four point Likert scale from rarely to always. For compatibly with the TAI, the score of the TAI-5 is multiplied by 4.

In a study with 312 adult participants. Their age ranged from 19 to 80 years old, with a mean age of 32 years. The following averages (normative data) are reported by Taylor and Deane (2002):

Type Possible range Average score

All participants

20 to 80



20 to 80



20 to 80


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It seems that the TAI-5 can be used for research, but you need to acknowledge the authors and their research paper when writing about it (References).


This is a simple scale question.

The survey code for PsyToolkit

Copy and paste this code to your PsyToolkit account if you want to use the scale in your own online research project
scale: taiagree
- Rarely or never
- Sometimes
- Often
- Always

l: tai5
t: scale taiagree
o: buildup
q: This questionnaire is how you feel during exams and tests.
For each item, indicate how often you feel
- During tests I feel very tense.
- I wish examinations did not bother me so much.
- I seem to defeat myself while working on important tests.
- I feel very panicky when I take an important test.
- During examinations I get so nervous that I forget facts I really know.

l: tai5score
t: set
- calc ( $tai5.1 + $tai5.2 + $tai5.3 + $tai5.4 + $tai5.5 ) * 4

l: feedback
t: info
q: Your TAI-5 score is {$tai5score}.
Note that scores on the TAI5 can range from 20 to 80.


  • Joanne Taylor & Frank P. Deane (2002) Development of a Short Form of the Test Anxiety Inventory (TAI), The Journal of General Psychology, 129:2, 127-136, DOI: 10.1080/00221300209603133

  • Xu, F., Cai, Y. & Tu, D. Psychometric properties of TAS, TAI, FAT test anxiety scales 6 in Chinese university students: a Bifactor IRT study. Curr Psychol 41, 2250–2263 (2022). Open access